вторник, 12 февраля 2013 г.

Theory of Superunification. Chapter 9. Gravitational waves. Wave equations

Chapter 9. Gravitational waves. Wave equations

Leonov V. S. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 603-650 pages.

The Superunification theory has unified electromagnetism and gravitation through the superstrong electromagnetic interaction. The nature of gravitation and electromagnetism has been determined. If electromagnetism the result of electromagnetic polarisation of the quantised space-time, gravitation is caused by its deformation (distortion). Deformation changes the quantum density of the medium (the concentration of quantons in the volume), whereas in electromagnetic polarisation the quantum density of the medium remains unchanged. This is the large difference between gravitation and electromagnetism. Electromagnetic waves are transverse polarisation oscillations of the quantised medium. From the source of gravitational perturbation, gravity is transferred through the longitudinal deformation of the quantised space-time. Therefore, long-term search for gravitational waves, regarded as transverse waves, was a procedural error. It has been shown that gravitational waves are the longitudinal oscillations of the deformation of the quantised space-time. In August 2006, I generated and sent into the cosmic space a longitudinal gravitational wave with the power of the order of 100 W.

9.1. Introduction
9.2. State of the space-time theory
9.3. Main static equations of the deformed quantised space-time
9.4. The balance of gravitational potentials in quantised space-time
9.5. Limiting mass and energy of relativistic particles
9.6. Fundamentals of the physics of black holes
9.7. Deformation vector of quantised space-time
9.8. Derivation of the equation for the speed of light
9.9. Distribution of time in space in the form of a chronal field
9.10. Antimatter and ideal gravitational oscillator
9.11. Electromagnetic quantisation of space-time
9.12. Derivation of the Maxwell equations and electromagnetic waves
9.13. Equivalence of electromagnetic and gravitational energies
9.14. Electron structure
9.15. Gravitational waves in quantised space-time
9.16. Report by V. Leonov on the generation of a gravitational wave
9.17. Conclusions

9.17. Conclusions for chapter 9
The nature of gravitational waves can be determined by the theory of the elastic quantised medium (EQM) (or Superunification theory) which at present is the most powerful analytical apparatus for investigating the matter and most complicated physical phenomena. The EQM theory is the theory of the unified field whose principles were predicted by Einstein within the framework of the general theory of relativity (GTR). It has been established that the quantised space-time is governed by the principle of spherical invariance and the relativity principle is the fundamental property of the quantised space-time. The theory represents a further development of the quantum theory and quantum considerations regarding the nature of matter from the viewpoint of electromagnetism. The discovery of the electromagnetic structure of the quantised space-time has enabled us for the first time to determine the superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI), i.e., the fifth force, combining gravitation, electromagnetism, nuclear and weak forces.

On the basis of the analysis of the wave oscillations in the elastic quantised medium (quantised space-time) it can be assumed that Veinik recorded for the first time in experiments the longitudinal gravitational waves in the form of moving zones of compression and of the decrease of the quantum density of the vacuum medium emitted at the moment of a change in the deformation-stress state of matter. The Veinik results were reproduced by other investigators. However, the Veinik experiments are characterised by low stability and a low recorded strength of the signal comparable with the level of noise and interference. It is important to develop completely new methods of generating and receiving gravitational waves.

The scientific fundamentals of these developments are provided by the EQM theory which describes for the first time the structure of the quantised space-time regarding it as an elastic quantised medium, being a carrier of wave perturbations in the quantised space-time. Analysis of the wave perturbation of the quantised space-time shows that there are three types of wave oscillations in it: transverse, longitudinal and torsional. All three types of the wave oscillations of the quantised space-time have been observed in experiments.

Transverse oscillations. This type of oscillations in the quantised space-time is manifested in the form of an electromagnetic wave generated by the transverse electrical and magnetic polarisation of the quantised space-time (electrical and magnetic bias currents).

Longitudinal oscillations. These oscillations are manifested in the form of a gravitational wave as longitudinal displacement of the zones of compression and of the decrease of the quantum density of the medium in the quantised space-time.

Torsional oscillations. This complicated, insufficiently examined type of oscillations in the quantised space-time is associated with the formation of torsional oscillations.

Thus, it has been shown for the first time that the gravitational waves are characterised by the longitudinal oscillations of the quantised space-time. Knowledge of the nature of gravitational radiation makes it possible to develop completely new devices for excitation of gravitational waves.

In the area of communications, one can expect the development of completely new and unusual channels for sending and receiving information which differ from the channels based on conventional electromagnetic waves. This expands the range of investigations of matter, including biological systems in medicine and agriculture. Naturally, Veinik’s discovery is constantly utilised by astronomers and astrophysicists who have been expecting for a long time the discovery of an effective method of recording gravitational waves.

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