# Theory of Superunification

## понедельник, 30 апреля 2018 г.

## пятница, 11 октября 2013 г.

### Leonov. Theory of Superunification. Chapter 3. Unification of electromagnetism and gravitation. Antigravitation

Chapter 3. Unification of electromagnetism and gravitation. Antigravitation. 167-261 pages.

Chapter 3 of the book:

1. Leonov V. S. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pages.

Chapter 3 of the book:

1. Leonov V. S. Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science Publishing, 2010, 745 pages.

2. V.S. Leonov. Quantum Energetics: Theory of Superunification. Viva
Books, India, 2011, 732 pages. http://www.vivagroupindia.com/frmBookDetail.aspx?BookId=7922

TEXT PDF Chapter 3. Unification of electromagnetism and gravitation

Read more:

TEXT PDF The universe: Boiling bouillon of quantons

TEXT PDF Einstein vs Higgs: or what is a mass?

The beginning of the 20th century was marked by the development of the theory of relativity. In the framework of the general theory of relativity (GTR), Einstein laid the foundations of gravitation as the properties of distortion of the space-time, assuming that there is a unified field which is the carrier of electromagnetism and gravitation. In 1996, the space-time quantum (quanton) and the superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) was discovered as the united field which is the carrier of electromagnetic and gravitation interactions. The concentration of the quantons (quantum density of the medium) is the main parameter of the quantised space-time. In electromagnetic interactions the concentration of the quantons does not change and only the orientation and deformation polarisation of the quantons change. Gravitation is manifested in the case of the gradient redistribution of the quantum density of the medium, changing the quanton concentration. Electromagnetism and gravitation have been unified within the framework of the quantum theory of gravitation based on the quantum as the unified carrier of electromagnetism and gravitation.

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Nature of the electromagnetic wave. The luminiferous medium

3.2.1. Return to the luminiferous medium

3.2.2. Optical media. Fizeau experiment

3.3. Fundamentals of gravitation theory

3.3.1. Two-component solution of Poisson equation

3.3.2. Deformation vector D

3.3.3. Equivalence of energy and mass

3.3.4. Gravitational diagram

3.3.5. Black hole

3.3.6. Additional gravitational potentials

3.3.7. Newton gravitational law

3.4. Reasons for relativism

3.4.1. Relativistic factor

3.4.2. The normalised relativistic factor

3.4.3. Dynamic balance of gravitational potentials

3.4.4. Limiting parameters of relativistic particles

3.4.5. Hidden mass. Mass balance

3.4.6. Hidden energy. Energy balance

3.4.7. Dynamic Poisson equations

3.4.8. Dynamic curvature of space-time

3.4.9. The speed of light

3.5. Nature of gravity and inertia

3.5.1. Formation of mass

3.5.2. Reasons for gravity and inertia

3.5.3. Simple quantum mechanics effects

3.6. The principle of relative-absolute dualism. Bifurcation points

3.6.1. Energy balance

3.6.2. Absolute speed

3.6.3. Energy paradox of motion dynamics

3.6.4. Resistance to movement in vacuum

3.6.5. Dynamics equations

3.6.6. Bifurcation points

3.6.7. Complex speed

3.6.8. Relativistic momentum

3.7. Wave mass transfer. Gravitational waves

3.8. Time problems. Chronal waves

3.9. Antigravitation. Accelerated recession of galaxies

3.10. Dimensions of the space-time quantum (quanton)

Conclusions for chapter 3

References

TEXT PDF Chapter 3. Unification of electromagnetism and gravitation

Read more:

TEXT PDF The universe: Boiling bouillon of quantons

TEXT PDF Einstein vs Higgs: or what is a mass?

The beginning of the 20th century was marked by the development of the theory of relativity. In the framework of the general theory of relativity (GTR), Einstein laid the foundations of gravitation as the properties of distortion of the space-time, assuming that there is a unified field which is the carrier of electromagnetism and gravitation. In 1996, the space-time quantum (quanton) and the superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI) was discovered as the united field which is the carrier of electromagnetic and gravitation interactions. The concentration of the quantons (quantum density of the medium) is the main parameter of the quantised space-time. In electromagnetic interactions the concentration of the quantons does not change and only the orientation and deformation polarisation of the quantons change. Gravitation is manifested in the case of the gradient redistribution of the quantum density of the medium, changing the quanton concentration. Electromagnetism and gravitation have been unified within the framework of the quantum theory of gravitation based on the quantum as the unified carrier of electromagnetism and gravitation.

3.1. Introduction

3.2. Nature of the electromagnetic wave. The luminiferous medium

3.2.1. Return to the luminiferous medium

3.2.2. Optical media. Fizeau experiment

3.3. Fundamentals of gravitation theory

3.3.1. Two-component solution of Poisson equation

3.3.2. Deformation vector D

3.3.3. Equivalence of energy and mass

3.3.4. Gravitational diagram

3.3.5. Black hole

3.3.6. Additional gravitational potentials

3.3.7. Newton gravitational law

3.4. Reasons for relativism

3.4.1. Relativistic factor

3.4.2. The normalised relativistic factor

3.4.3. Dynamic balance of gravitational potentials

3.4.4. Limiting parameters of relativistic particles

3.4.5. Hidden mass. Mass balance

3.4.6. Hidden energy. Energy balance

3.4.7. Dynamic Poisson equations

3.4.8. Dynamic curvature of space-time

3.4.9. The speed of light

3.5. Nature of gravity and inertia

3.5.1. Formation of mass

3.5.2. Reasons for gravity and inertia

3.5.3. Simple quantum mechanics effects

3.6. The principle of relative-absolute dualism. Bifurcation points

3.6.1. Energy balance

3.6.2. Absolute speed

3.6.3. Energy paradox of motion dynamics

3.6.4. Resistance to movement in vacuum

3.6.5. Dynamics equations

3.6.6. Bifurcation points

3.6.7. Complex speed

3.6.8. Relativistic momentum

3.7. Wave mass transfer. Gravitational waves

3.8. Time problems. Chronal waves

3.9. Antigravitation. Accelerated recession of galaxies

3.10. Dimensions of the space-time quantum (quanton)

Conclusions for chapter 3

References

## вторник, 12 февраля 2013 г.

### Theory of Superunification. Einstein vs Higgs: or what is a mass?

**Einstein vs Higgs: or what is a mass?**

Vladimir Leonov,

**Abstract.**It is shown that the birth mass of an elementary particle is a result of spherical deformation of the quantized space-time based on the concept of gravity of the curved four-dimensional space-time of Einstein. Theorists mistakenly believe that Einstein's theory of gravity does not fit into the Standard Model (SM). It is shown that on the contrary the SM does not fit into the Einstein's theory of gravity. Higgs boson is contradicts the concept of curved space-time as the basis of gravity. Therefore, Higgs boson is cannot carry the mass of an elementary particle. Mechanism for the generation of mass of an elementary particle discussed in detail in the theory of Superunification:

1. Leonov V. S. Quantum Energetics.
Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge International Science
Publishing, 2010, 745 pages. (Квантовая энергетика. Том 1. Теория
Суперобъединения. – CISP,
2010, 745 стр.) http://www.cisp-publishing.com/acatalog/info_54.html.

2.
V.S.
Leonov. Quantum Energetics: Theory of Superunification. Viva Books, India,
2011, 732 pages. http://www.vivagroupindia.com/frmBookDetail.aspx?BookId=7922.

**Contents:**- 1. Criticism of the Higgs boson in the Standard Model
- 2. The four-dimensional particle – the quantum of space-time (quanton)
- 3. The structure of the quantized of space-time
- 4. Electromagnetic symmetry and electrical asymmetry
- 5. Quarks
- 6. Gravitation and the birth of a mass
- 6.1. Electron and positron
- 6.2. The electron spin
- 6.3. Asymptotic freedom
- 6.4. Electron neutrino
- 6.5. Wave transfer of the mass
- 6.6. Neutron and proton
- 6.7. Shell sign-changing model of the nucleon
- 6.8. Plus and minus mass
- 6.9. The fundamental principle of relativity
- 7. Nature of nuclear forces
- 8. Black and white holes
- 9. Dark energy and dark matter
- 9.1. Antigravitation. Accelerated recession of galaxies
- 9.2. The curvature of the light beam in an inhomogeneous quantized space-time
- 10. New experimental facts
- 10.1. Quantum engines and asteroid defense
- 10.2. Cold fusion and the Usherenko effect
- 11. Conclusions
- 12. Annex to article. Contents of the book [1]
- References

The article is written in Russian, and it will be translated into
English.

Read more

### Theory of Superunification. Chapter 1. Fundamental discoveries of the quantum of space-time (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction

**Chapter 1. Fundamental discoveries of the quantum of space-time (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction**

Leonov V. S.
Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge
International Science Publishing, 2010, 1-67 pages.

Fundamental science has accumulated a
sufficiently large amount of knowledge to support the very fact of the discovery of
the space-time quantum (quanton)
and superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI). The concept of Superunification was
formulated by physicists. Many physicists do not doubt that electromagnetism,
gravitation, nuclear and electroweak forces are the manifestation of the united origin. The
concept of the unified field was
formulated by Einstein and he devoted 30 years to the development of this concept in the path to
unification of gravitation and electromagnetism. He succeeded within the framework of the
general theory of relativity (GTR) to combine space and time into the single space-time
substance. Already at the end of his
life, Einstein concluded that it is necessary to use discrete approaches to the problem of space-time
and unification of the interactions within the framework of quantum theory.

There are various approaches to solving
these problems in theoretical physics. This also concerns the problem of
unification. We can go along the path of finding some universal formula (or a set
of formulas) describing the fundamental interactions by mathematical methods,
or along the path of finding a
universal unifying particle. The alternate path was less attractive to investigators because physics did not
know such a particle and the possibilities of discovering this particle were not
clear. However, this second approach has been selected in the path to unification
of interactions. This also determined the
logics and expected success.

1.2. Main
problems on the road to Superunification theory

1.2.1.
Problem of energy levels

1.2.2.
Problem of motion

1.2.3.
Problem of mass

1.2.4.
Problem of relativity

1.3. The
universe: Boiling `bouillon' of quantons

1.3.1.
Introduction

1.3.2.
`Bouillon' from quantons

1.3.3. How
to weld elementary particles

1.3.4.
Return to the light-bearing (luminiferous) medium

1.3.5.
Gravity. Inertia. Black holes

1.3.6.
Antigravitation. Minus mass. White holes

1.3.7.
Problem of time. Chronal fields

1.3.8. Who
lights up stars?

1.3.9. Superstrings

1.3.10.
Main problems of modern physics

1.3.11.
Problems of inflationary theory

1.4. The
Einstein posthumous phrase

1.5.
Conclusion to chapter 1

### Theory of Superunification. Chapter 2. Electromagnetic nature and structure of cosmic vacuum

**Chapter**

**2.**

**Electromagnetic nature and structure of cosmic vacuum**

Leonov V. S.
Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge
International Science Publishing, 2010, 68-166 pages.

New fundamental discoveries of the
space-time quantum (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI)
determine the electromagnetic structure of quantised space-time. The quanton is a complicated weightless
particle which includes four charges – quarks: two electrical (+1

*e*and –1*e*) and two magnetic (+1*g*and – 1*g*) linked by the relationship*g*=*C*_{0}*e*.
2.1.
Introduction

2.2/
Electromagnetic quantisation of space-time

2.2.1.
Basis of the theory of EQM and Superunification

2.2.2.
Unification of electricity and magnetism into electromagnetism. Structure of
the quanton

2.2.3. The
charge of the Dirac monopole

2.2.4.
Dimensions of the quanton

2.2.5.
Symmetry of electricity and magnetism inside a quanton

2.2.6. The
structure of the monopole-quark

2.2.7.
Electromagnetic quantisation of space

2.2.8.
Electrical symmetry of space

2.2.9. The
speed of movement of the space clock

2.2.10. Stability
and energy capacity of the quanton

2.3.
Disruption of electrical and magnetic equilibrium of the quantised space-time

2.3.1. The
state of electromagnetic equilibrium of quantised space-time

2.3.2.
Disruption of electrical and magnetic equilibrium in statics

2.3.3.
Disruption of electromagnetic equilibrium in dynamics. Maxwell equations

2.3.4.
Displacement of the charges in the quanton and bias currents

2.3.5.
Displacement of the charges in the quanton in statics

2.3.6.
Polarisation energy of the quanton

2.3.7.
Nature of electromagnetic oscillations in vacuum

2.3.8.
Quantisation of the electromagnetic wave

2.3.9.
Circulation of electrical and magnetic fluxes in the electromagnetic wave

2.3.10.
Transfer of energy by the quanton in the electromagnetic wave

2.4.
Electromagnetic tensioning of vacuum. Strings and superstrings

2.4.1.
Elastic quantised medium (EQM)

2.4.2.
Tensioning of the electromagnetic
superstring

2.5.3.
Tension tensor in vacuum

2.5. Conclusions
for chapter 2

**2.5. Conclusions for chapter 2**

New fundamental discoveries of the
space-time quantum (quanton) and superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI)
determine the electromagnetic structure of quantised space-time.

The quanton is a complicated weightless
particle which includes four charges – quarks: two electrical (+1

*e*and –1*e*) and two magnetic (+1*g*and – 1*g*) linked by the relationship*g*=*Ce*.
The quanton is the carrier of
electromagnetism, space and time, and a carrier of strong electromagnetic
interaction. The process of electromagnetic quantisation of space is associated with
filling of its volume with quantons. The quanton diameter determines the discreteness of
the quantised space-time of the order of 10

^{–}^{25}m.
When analysing the electromagnetic
perturbation of the quantised space-time, the nature of electromagnetic
phenomena, the laws of electromagnetic induction, Maxwell equations and
Pointing vector have been described for the first time.

The electromagnetism of quantised
space-time is fully symmetric and determines the transfer of electromagnetic
energy in accordance with the Maxwell equations. The nature of rotors in the
electromagnetic wave has been determined.

It has also been shown that as we move
deeper, initially into the region of the microworld of elementary particles and
the atomic nucleus ~101 m

^{–15}m and subsequently into the region of the ultra-microworld ~10^{–25}m of the quantised space-time, we encounter higher and higher energy concentrations. The energy capacity of the quanton is colossal and estimated at 10^{73}J/m3. This is sufficient to generate a universe as a result of a big bang in activation of^{3}of vacuum.
It has also been found that the
electromagnetic perturbation of the vacuum is described by a simple equation: D

*x*= –D*y*which can be expanded into the main equations of the electromagnetic field in vacuum. The displacement from the equilibrium deposition of the electrical D*x*and magnetic D*y*charges – quarks inside the quanton disrupts the electrical and magnetic equilibrium of the quantised space-time. Real bias currents were found in the electromagnetic wave.
Inside the quantised space-time we can
find an electromagnetic string or a superstring of quantons which determines
the colossal tension of the quantised space-time. Taking into account the fact
that the quanton is a volume elastic element similar to some extent to an
electronic clock specifying the rate of electromagnetic processes and time, the
quantum not only combines electricity and magnetism but, being a space-time
quantum, it combines the space and time into a single substance: quantised
space-time.

Подписаться на:
Сообщения (Atom)