**Chapter**

**9.**

**Gravitational waves. Wave equations**

Leonov V. S.
Quantum Energetics. Volume 1. Theory of Superunification. Cambridge
International Science Publishing, 2010, 603-650 pages.

The Superunification theory has unified
electromagnetism and gravitation through the superstrong electromagnetic
interaction. The nature of gravitation and electromagnetism has been
determined. If electromagnetism the result of electromagnetic polarisation of
the quantised space-time, gravitation is caused by its deformation
(distortion). Deformation changes the quantum density of the medium (the
concentration of quantons in the volume), whereas in electromagnetic
polarisation the quantum density of the medium remains unchanged. This is the
large difference between gravitation and electromagnetism. Electromagnetic
waves are transverse polarisation oscillations of the quantised medium. From
the source of gravitational perturbation, gravity is transferred through the
longitudinal deformation of the quantised space-time. Therefore, long-term
search for gravitational waves, regarded as transverse waves, was a procedural
error. It has been shown that gravitational waves are the longitudinal
oscillations of the deformation of the quantised space-time. In August 2006, I
generated and sent into the cosmic space a longitudinal gravitational wave with
the power of the order of 100 W.

9.1.
Introduction

9.2. State
of the space-time theory

9.3. Main
static equations of the deformed quantised space-time

9.4. The
balance of gravitational potentials in quantised space-time

9.5.
Limiting mass and energy of relativistic particles

9.6.
Fundamentals of the physics of black holes

9.7.
Deformation vector of quantised space-time

9.8.
Derivation of the equation for the speed of light

9.9.
Distribution of time in space in the form of a chronal field

9.10.
Antimatter and ideal gravitational oscillator

9.11.
Electromagnetic quantisation of space-time

9.12.
Derivation of the Maxwell equations and electromagnetic waves

9.13.
Equivalence of electromagnetic and gravitational energies

9.14.
Electron structure

9.15.
Gravitational waves in quantised space-time

9.16.
Report by V. Leonov on the generation of a gravitational wave

9.17.
Conclusions

**9.17. Conclusions for chapter 9**

The nature of gravitational waves can be
determined by the theory of the elastic quantised medium (EQM) (or
Superunification theory) which at present is the most powerful analytical
apparatus for investigating the matter and most complicated physical phenomena.
The EQM theory is the theory of the unified field whose principles were
predicted by Einstein within the framework of the general theory of relativity
(GTR). It has been established that the quantised space-time is governed by the
principle of spherical invariance and the relativity principle is the fundamental
property of the quantised space-time. The theory represents a further
development of the quantum theory and quantum considerations regarding the
nature of matter from the viewpoint of electromagnetism. The discovery of the electromagnetic
structure of the quantised space-time has enabled us for the first time to
determine the superstrong electromagnetic interaction (SEI), i.e., the fifth
force, combining gravitation, electromagnetism, nuclear and weak forces.

On the basis of the analysis of the wave
oscillations in the elastic quantised medium (quantised space-time) it can be
assumed that Veinik recorded for the first time in experiments the longitudinal
gravitational waves in the form of moving zones of compression and of the
decrease of the quantum density of the vacuum medium emitted at the moment of a
change in the deformation-stress state of matter. The Veinik results were
reproduced by other investigators. However, the Veinik experiments are
characterised by low stability and a low recorded strength of the signal
comparable with the level of noise and interference. It is important to develop
completely new methods of generating and receiving gravitational waves.

The scientific fundamentals of these
developments are provided by the EQM theory which describes for the first time
the structure of the quantised space-time regarding it as an elastic quantised
medium, being a carrier of wave perturbations in the quantised space-time.
Analysis of the wave perturbation of the quantised space-time shows that there
are three types of wave oscillations in it: transverse, longitudinal and
torsional. All three types of the wave oscillations of the quantised space-time
have been observed in experiments.

**Transverse oscillations.**This type of oscillations in the quantised space-time is manifested in the form of an electromagnetic wave generated by the transverse electrical and magnetic polarisation of the quantised space-time (electrical and magnetic bias currents).

**Longitudinal oscillations.**These oscillations are manifested in the form of a gravitational wave as longitudinal displacement of the zones of compression and of the decrease of the quantum density of the medium in the quantised space-time.

**Torsional oscillations.**This complicated, insufficiently examined type of oscillations in the quantised space-time is associated with the formation of torsional oscillations.

Thus, it has been shown for the first
time that the gravitational waves are characterised by the longitudinal
oscillations of the quantised space-time. Knowledge of the nature of
gravitational radiation makes it possible to develop completely new devices for
excitation of gravitational waves.

In the area of communications, one can
expect the development of completely new and unusual channels for sending and
receiving information which differ from the channels based on conventional
electromagnetic waves. This expands the range of investigations of matter,
including biological systems in medicine and agriculture. Naturally, Veinik’s
discovery is constantly utilised by astronomers and astrophysicists who have
been expecting for a long time the discovery of an effective method of
recording gravitational waves.

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